Map

Mapping DefensiveTO documents defensive/hostile architecture in Toronto’s public parks, squares, and privately owned publicly-accessible spaces (POPS). This ongoing project aims to raise awareness over the proliferation of defensive urbanism in Toronto while gathering data over its use in publicly accessible spaces.

Submit a Photo!

Send a photo of defensive/hostile urbanism with location information to defensiveto(at)gmail.com

Legend

Seating

Surfaces

Light + Sound

Ledges

Barriers

Surveillance

Ghost Amenities